TEX Quotes

View as PDF

Submit solution

Points: 100
Time limit: 1.0s
Memory limit: 256M

Author:
Problem types
Allowed languages
C, C++, Java 11, JAVA 8, Python, ZIG

\(\TeX\) is a typesetting language developed by Donald Knuth. It takes source text together with a few typesetting instructions and produces, one hopes, a beautiful document. Beautiful documents use and to delimit quotations, rather than the mundane " which is what is provided by most keyboards. Keyboards typically do not have an oriented double-quote, but they do have a left-single-quote ` and a right-single-quote '. Check your keyboard now to locate the left-single-quote key ` (sometimes called the “backquote key”) and the right-single-quote key ' (sometimes called the “apostrophe” or just “quote”). Be careful not to confuse the left-single-quote ` with the “backslash” key \. TEX lets the user type two left-single-quotes `` to create a left-double-quote and two right-single-quotes '' to create a right-double-quote . Most typists, however, are accustomed to delimiting their quotations with the un-oriented double-quote ".

If the source contained

`"To be or not to be," quoth the bard, "that is the question."`

then the typeset document produced by \(\TeX\) would not contain the desired form:

`“To be or not to be,” quoth the bard, “that is the question.”`

In order to produce the desired form, the source file must contain the sequence:

``To be or not to be,'' quoth the bard, ``that is the question.''

You are to write a program which converts text containing double-quote " characters into text that is identical except that double-quotes have been replaced by the two-character sequences required by \(\TeX\) for delimiting quotations with oriented double-quotes. The double-quote " characters should be replaced appropriately by either `` if the " opens a quotation and by '' if the " closes a quotation. Notice that the question of nested quotations does not arise: The first " must be replaced by ``, the next by '', the next by ``, the next by '', the next by ``, the next by '', and so on.

Input

Input will consist of several lines of text containing an even number of double-quote " characters. Input is ended with an end-of-file character.

Output

The text must be output exactly as it was input except that:

  • the first " in each pair is replaced by two ` characters: `` and
  • the second " in each pair is replaced by two ' characters: ''

Sample Input

"To be or not to be," quoth the Bard, "that
is the question".
The programming contestant replied: "I must disagree.
To `C' or not to `C', that is The Question!"

Sample Output

``To be or not to be,'' quoth the Bard, ``that
is the question''.
The programming contestant replied: ``I must disagree.
To `C' or not to `C', that is The Question!''

Comments

There are no comments at the moment.